Javier Argomaniz

Javier Argomaniz is a Senior Lecturer at the University of St Andrews Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (CSTPV), where he has published widely on the subject of state, non-state and civilian responses to political violence. His work has been published in Terrorism and Political ViolenceStudies in Conflict and TerrorismCooperation and ConflictIntelligence and National Security and a number of other peer-reviewed journals. He has co-directed two separate international and multi-disciplinary projects funded by the EU on the needs of victims of terrorism and the role of victims in the prevention of conflict. Argomaniz is the author of Post–9/11 European Union counter-terrorism: Politics, Polity and Policies (Routledge, 2011) and co-editor and contributor to Victims of terrorism. A comparative and Interdisciplinary Study (Routledge, 2014); International Perspectives on Terrorism Victimisation. An Interdisciplinary Approach (Palgrave, 2015), EU Counter-Terrorism and Intelligence: A Critical Assessment (Routledge, 2016) and Victims and Perpetrators of Terrorism. Exploring Identities, Roles and Narratives (Routledge, 2018)

Research Interests

Dr Argomaniz primary research interest is terrorism and political violence in Europe. His research has focused on international cooperation against terrorism and, more specifically, how the European Union has responded to transnational threats.

He is also interested in the consequences of political violence, the relationship between victimhood and radicalisation and the social and political framing of victims of political violence.

Lastly, a further specific research interest relates to patterns and trends in political violence and their study through the use of statistical modelling techniques.

Room: 230

Office hours: Wednesday 12-1 pm

P: 01334462917
F: 01334461922
E: ja51@st-andrews.ac.uk


(2018) Victims and Perpetrators of Terrorism. Exploring Identities, Roles and Narratives (London: Routledge) (with Lynch, O. (eds.))

(2016) EU Counter-Terrorism and Intelligence: A Critical Assessment (London: Routledge) (with Bures, O., Kaunert, C. (eds.))

(2015) International Perspectives on Terrorist Victimisation. An Interdisciplinary Approach (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan) (with Lynch, O. (eds.))

(2014) Victims of Terrorism. A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Study (London: Routledge) (with Lynch, O. (eds.))

(2011) Post–9/11 European Union Counter-terrorism: Politics, Polity and Policies (London: Routledge)

Special Issues

(2019) Understanding European jihadists: criminals, extremists or both (with Kupatadze, A.)

(2018) The Complexity of Terrorism —Victims, Perpetrators and Radicalization, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (With Lynch, O.)

(2015) A Decade of EU Counter-Terrorism and Intelligence: A Critical Assessment, Intelligence and National Security (with Kaunert, C., Bures, O.)

(2010) El Espacio de Libertad, Seguridad y Justicia de la UE. Un balance entre presidencias españolas (2002–2010) (Revista CIDOB D’Affairs Internacionals, 91) (with Bermejo, R.)


(2019) ‘Jihadism and crime in Spain: A convergence settings approach’ (European Journal of Criminology, 16:3, 351–368) (with Bermejo, R.)

(2019) ‘Introduction to Special Issue – Understanding and conceptualizing European jihadists: Criminals, extremists or both?’ (European Journal of Criminology, 16:3, 261–277) (with Kupatadze, A.)

(2018) ‘A Battle of Narratives: Spanish Victims Organizations International Action to Delegitimize Terrorism and Political Violence’ (Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 41:7, 573-588)

(2018) ‘Introduction to the Special Issue: The Complexity of Terrorism—Victims, Perpetrators and Radicalization’ (Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 41:7, 491-506) (with Lynch, O.)

(2017) ‘Victims of Terrorism and Political Violence: Identity, Needs, and Service Delivery in Northern Ireland and Great Britain’(Terrorism and Political Violence, 29:3, 464–482) (with Lynch, O.)

(2016) ‘Political Resilience and EU Responses to Aviation Terrorism’ (Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 39:4, 363–379) (with Lehr, P.)

(2015) ‘A Decade of EU Counter-Terrorism and Intelligence: A Critical Assessment’ (Intelligence and National Security, 30: 2–3, 191–206) (with Bures, O. & Kaunert, C.) [Top 5 most read and cited Intelligence and National Security article]

(2015) ‘The European Union Policies on the Protection of Infrastructure from terrorist Attacks: A critical Assessment’ (Intelligence and National Security, 30: 2–3, 259–280).

(2015) ‘European Union responses to terrorist use of the Internet’ (Cooperation and Conflict, 50:2, 250–268).

(2015) ‘Examining Deterrence and Backlash Effects in Counter-Terrorism: The Case of ETA’ (Terrorism and Political Violence, 27:1, 160–181) (with Vidal-Diez, A.)

(2012) ‘A rhetorical spill-over? Exploring the link between the European Union Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and the External Dimension in EU Counter-terrorism’(European Foreign Affairs Review, 17, Special Issue, 35–52)

(2010) ‘Before and After Lisbon: Legal implementation as the ‘Achilles Heel’ in EU Counter-terrorism?’ (European Security, 19:2, 297–316)

(2009) ‘Post–9/11 institutionalisation of European Union Counter-terrorism: Emergence, Acceleration and Inertia’ (European Security, 18: 2, 151 – 172)

(2009) ‘The Passenger Name Records agreement and the European Union internalisation of US Border Security norms’ (Journal of European Integration, 31:1,119–136)

(2007) ‘The Effects of closed circuit television on crime: meta-analysis of an English national quasi-experimental multi-Site evaluation’ (Journal of Experimental Criminology, 3, 21–38, March 2007) (with Farrington, D., Gill, M. & Waples S.)

Book Chapters

(2019) ‘Civil Action Against ETA Terrorism in Basque Country’ in D. Avant, M. Berry, E. Chenoweth, R.A. Epstein, C. Hendrix, O. Kaplan and T. Sisk (eds.) Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence (New York: Oxford University Press)

(2018) ‘Memory, truth and justice: Understanding the experience of victims of terrorism and political violence. The cases of the United Kingdom and Spain’ in O. Lynch and J. Argomaniz (eds.) Victims and Perpetrators of Terrorism. Exploring Identities, Roles and Narratives (London: Routledge) (with Lynch, O., Serrano A. and Lawther, C.)

(2017) ‘The impact of ethno- nationalist violence: Comparing the experiences of victims of ETA and paramilitaries in Northern Ireland’ in R. Leonisio, F. Molina and D. Muro (eds.) ETA’s Terrorist Campaign: From Violence to Politics, 1968–2015 (London: Routledge)

(2015) ‘State Responses to Victims of Terrorism Needs in Spain’ in J. Argomaniz and O. Lynch (eds.) International Perspectives on Terrorist Victimisation. An Interdisciplinary Approach (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

(2015) ‘European Instruments Concerning Victims of Terrorism Rights: Meeting Needs?’ in O. Lynch and J. Argomaniz (eds.) Victims of Terrorism. A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Study (London: Routledge)

(2015) ‘Meeting the Needs of Victims of Terrorism – Lessons for the International Context’ in O. Lynch and J. Argomaniz (eds.) Victims of Terrorism. A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Study (London: Routledge) (with Lynch, O.)

(2015) ‘Best Practice Recommendations For Supporting Victims of Terrorism’ in O. Lynch and J. Argomaniz (eds.) Victims of Terrorism. A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Study (London: Routledge) (with Lynch, O.; Serrano, A.; Carmel, J. and Alonso, R.)

(2013) ‘Obstacles to International Action Against State Terror in the Post-Cold War International System’ in G. Duncan, O. Lynch, G. Ramsay, A. Watson (eds) State Terrorism and Human Rights (London: Routledge) (with Lehr, P.)

(2012) ‘Terrorism’ in S. Biscop and R. Whitman (eds.) Handbook of European Security (London: Routledge) (with Rees, W.)

(2012) ‘A ‘coordination nightmare’?: Institutional Coherence in European Union Counter-Terrorism’ in C.Kaunert, S. Leonard and P. Pawlak (eds.) European Homeland Security A European strategy in the making? (London: Routledge)


(2015) The Victimisation Experience and the Radicalisation Process; An Understanding of the Perpetrator-Victim Complex in the case of Terrorism and Political Violence. (European Commission, Project Report) (with Lynch, O., et al.)

(2013) Good Practices in the Provision of Support Initiatives to Victims of Terrorism. Lessons from the case of the UK and Spain (European Commission, Project Report) (with Lynch, O., et al.)

(2012) ‘Counter-terrorism Measures in Response to Terrorist Innovation’ in M.M. Hafez and M.J. Rasmussen Terrorist Innovations in Weapons of Mass Effect, Phase II (US Naval Postgraduate School, Workshop Report)

(2010) ‘The European Union post 9/11 counter-terror policy response: an overview’ (RIEAS Research Paper, 140, February)

Recent Research

  • Dr Argomaniz and Dr Kupatadze (Kings College London) have been awarded a British Academy / Leverhulme Small Research Grant in March 2017 to examine the relationship between crime and terrorism amongst European jihadists in order to better understand when, how and why petty criminals engage in terrorist activity.
  • Dr Argomaniz was one of the principal investigators for a European project that started in September 2013 and concluded in 2015: Preventing terrorism: Victims of terrorism and their participation in counter-radicalisation initiatives – understanding the choice. The study aims at investigating the victim-perpetrator cycle in terrorism and political violence and examining the role of victims in the prevention of terrorism and political violence.
  • From January 2011 to December 2012, Dr Argomaniz has directed with Orla Lynch the EU-funded project Assessing support initiatives for victims of terrorism in the United Kingdom and Spain: Lessons for the European context. The research team has conducted a comparative analysis of the needs of victims of political violence in UK and Spain and the activities of statutory bodies and victims groups. The study has delivered a Final Report with policy recommendations on supporting victims of terrorism to be disseminated through the European Commission to European victims groups. The project has also set up a Victims of Terrorism Portal, two practitioner workshops and an international conference; and produced a series of academic outputs, including a forthcoming Routledge book and an edited volume by Palgrave on Victims of Terrorism.


(2017) Understanding European jihadists: criminals, extremists or both? British Academy / Leverhulme Small Research Grant. Total budget: 9,060 £.

(2012) The victimisation experience and the radicalisation process. An understanding of the perpetrator victim cycle amongst individuals involved in terrorism. European Commission DG HOME Targeted Call for Proposals RAD Action Grants 2012. Total budget: 669,428 €.

(2010) Supporting victims of terrorism, the role of Victim orientated organizations: the case of the UK and Spain. European Commission DG JLS Specific Programme ‘Criminal Justice’ 2007–2013. Project Partners: Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (Spain). Total budget: 427,096 €.


IR5902 Research Methods IR5920 International Law and Terrorism IR5007 Terrorism and Liberal Democracy (Lectures on ‘Counter-terrorism and the European Union’) IR5003 Regional Security (Lectures on ‘Europe’) IR3008 International Terrorism (Lectures on ‘Counter-terrorism’ and ‘Terrorism and Liberal Democracy’) IR5601 Research in International Relations (Lectures on ‘Quantitative and Qualitative Methods’)

PhD Supervision Topics

Dr Argomaniz is willing to supervise students working on:

  • Terrorism and Political Violence
  • Counter-terrorism
  • International Organisations
  • European Security

Current Research Students

  • Nicholas Bradley ‘Quantitative Analysis of Terrorism in Civil Wars’ (2nd supervisor with Dr. Lehr)
  • Maurizio Carmini: ‘Operation Mare Nostrum, 2013-2014: A Framework of Analysis for Maritime Rescue Operations’ (2nd supervisor with Dr. Lehr)
  • Felipe Cruvinel: ‘Alternative Metrics for Determining Counterinsurgency Success: Applying Data Analysis to Afghanistan’s Southern Provinces’.
  • Paul Madden – ‘The EU Foreign Policy discourse – an outside-in perspective: Can a Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) civilian mission be mutually beneficial for the EU and host nation?
  • Diana Florez – ‘The invisible transitional justice in Colombia: a comparative study in Catatumbo and Montes de Maria (Colombia, South America)’
  • Pamela Bunker – ‘Extremist groups and Government actors’ discourses’

Completed Research Students

  • Jürgen Brandsch: ‘Violence against Civilians in Armed Conflicts – An Investigation of Indiscriminate Violence’ (2nd supervisor with Dr. Wilson)
  • Emmanuel Clivaz: ‘Forms and Tactics’ (2nd supervisor with Dr. Lehr)
  • Aviva Guttmann ‘Switzerland in the Face of International Terrorism: Crisis Management, Cooperation and State Security between 1969 and 1977’ (Swiss National Sciences Foundation Doctoral Visiting Fellowship, 2015)
  • Olivier Lewis: ‘Transatlantic counter-terrorism since 9/11 – Why state approaches to cooperation differ’
  • Andre Python: ‘Assessing European cities’ vulnerability to terrorist attacks with a statistical model’ (2nd supervisor with Dr. Illian)
  • Lina Malagon: ‘Victims’ movements and their impact on the construction of democracy: the cases of Colombia and Spain’

External PhD Examinations

  • Ana Varela Rey (2016) ‘Legitimación de La Violencia Terrorista y Espiral del Silencio. El caso de ETA en el País Vasco’ , Universidad de Barcelona, March 16.
  • Briony Callander (2015) ‘The Expansion of Counter-Terrorism in the EU Post–9/11: The Development of EU Aviation Security’, University of Dundee, October 30.

Recent Invited Talks (brief selection)

  • ‘Counter-radicalisation: the EU approach,’ Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM), Paris , 20 September 2018.
  • The European experience related to the role of Victims of Terrorism and Civil Society in Countering the Terrorist Narrative, UNODC workshop on ‘Strengthening National Legal Frameworks for the Protection and Support of Victims and Witnesses of Terrorism’, Male (Maldives), 17–18 August 2016
  • The Rights of Victims of Terrorism Within the Criminal Justice System – Lessons from the Spanish Experience, UN Conference on the Human Rights of Victims of Terrorism, United Nations, New York, 11 February 2016.
  • Civil Resistance to ETA terrorism in Basque Country, Nonviolent Strategies in Violent Settings workshops, University of Denver, 2 April 2015 and 29 August 2016.
  • The Challenge of a Common response: How the EU Fights Terrorism, Holy Spirit University Kaslik – USEK (Lebanon), 26 February 2015
  • La Evolución de la Cooperación Antiterrorista en la Unión Europea, IX curso internacional sobre terrorismo yihadista: La amenaza diez años después del 11-M, Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Spain), 8 July 2014.
  • Social Network Analysis and the disruption of terrorist networks & Victims of Terrorism Needs, NATO School – Defence Against Terrorism Course, Oberammergau, 25–29 November 2013 & 9–13 June 2014.
  • EU Aviation security policies in a post–9/11 environment, Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Helsinki, 22 November 2013.
  • Victims of terrorism: Individual and Social Needs, School of Politics Research Seminar, University of Dundee, 22 November 2012.
  • Terrorist Use of the Internet and the EU: Regional Responses to a Global Problem, European Internal Security Conference, European University Institute, Florence, 23–25 April 2012.
  • The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and the EU’s Fight Against Terrorism, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 22–23 November 2010 & 21–22 March 2011.

Editorial Positions



Dr Argomaniz has been a contributor to news reports on political violence in Europe by the BBC, Boston Globe, Die Zeit, L’Express, Haaretz, Hürriyet, Reforma and other international media organisations. He is available for comment on the following topics:

  • Terrorism and Counter-terrorism in Spain
  • Basque Politics and Nationalism
  • European Union Security Policies
  • International cooperation in Counter-terrorism